Archivi tag: Transnational Catholic Model of Prison Treatment

webinar – 25 febbraio 2021

Modelli e pratiche carcerarie a Roma e nello Stato pontificio tra età moderna e contemporanea


Seminario intermedio di presentazione delle ricercehe in corso

in collaborazione con il Laboratorio di ricerca Ergastulum
e la rivista Giornale di Storia


Introduce

Chiara Lucrezio Monticelli, Università di Roma “Tor Vergata”


Intervengono

Maria Romana Caforio, Archivio di Stato di Lecce

Roberto Benedetti, La Sapienza Università di Roma

Alessio Collacchi, Università di Roma “Tor Vergata”

Saranno presenti alla discussione

Liliosa Azara (Università di Roma Tre), Marina Baldassari (La Sapienza Università di Roma), Andrea Giuliani (Università di Roma “Tor Vergata”), Francesco Saggiorato (Università di Roma “Tor Vergata” – Université Paris 1), Francesco Vitali (La Sapienza Università di Roma)

Webinar – 30 ottobre 2020

Modelli e pratiche carcerarie a Roma e nello Stato pontificio tra età moderna e contemporanea

Seminario online di presentazione delle ricercehe in corso

in collaborazione con il Laboratorio di ricerca Ergastulum
e la rivista Giornale di Storia

Introduce

Chiara Lucrezio Monticelli, Università di Roma “Tor Vergata”


Intervengono

Maria Romana Caforio, Archivio di Stato di Lecce

Roberto Benedetti, La Sapienza Università di Roma

Lorenzo Coccoli, Università di Napoli “Parthenope”

Alessio Collacchi, Università di Roma “Tor Vergata”

Saranno presenti alla discussione

Marina Baldassari (La Sapienza Università di Roma), Tommaso Caliò (Università di Roma “Tor Vergata”), Andrea Giuliani (Università di Roma “Tor Vergata”), Francesco Saggiorato (Università di Roma “Tor Vergata” – Université Paris 1), Alessandro Serra (Università di Perugia), Francesco Vitali (La Sapienza Università di Roma)

The Limits of Confinement

The Limits of Confinement
Rome and the Transnational Catholic Model of Prison Treatment in the Nineteenth-Century


International conference in Rome, 25th – 27th September 2019

Conference program:

25th September
Casa di reclusione di Roma Rebibbia
Via Bartolo Longo n. 72

3.00 p.m.

Chiara Lucrezio Monticelli (Università di Roma “Tor Vergata”), Conference Presentation

1st Session
Round Table: Representations of Roman Prisons

Chair: Marina Formica (Università di Roma “Tor Vergata” – Coordinator of “Roma 800”)

Fabrizio Natalini (Università di Roma “Tor Vergata”), Carceri romane nel cinema: da Magni a Citti e Pasolini

Matteo Morandini (historian, teacher in Rebibbia prison), Le carceri del papa nei romanzi del Risorgimento italiano

Edoardo Albinati (writer), Marco Delogu (photographer), Biografie e fotografie a Rebibbia

Bruno Oliviero (film director), Il carcere tra realtà e finzione

Fabio Pierangeli (Università di Roma “Tor Vergata” – Coordinator of “Corso di Laurea in Lettere”), Introduzione agli interventi e testimonianze degli studenti di Rebibbia


26th September
Archivio di Stato di Roma
Corso Rinascimento n. 40

9.30 a.m.

2nd Session
Theories and Practices of Confinement at the End of the Ancien Régime

Paolo Buonora (Direttore dell’Archivio di Stato di Roma), Welcome adresses

Michele Di Sivo (Vicedirettore dell’Archivio di Stato di Roma), The State Archive of Rome and its Documentation on Prison and Confinement: Projects in Progress

Introduction
Alessandro Serra (Università di Perugia), Le traitement carcéral au XIXe siècle entre réformes d’État et initiatives ecclésiastiques: une hypothèse de travail

Chair: Marco Cicchini (Université de Genève)

Keynote speech
Mary Gibson (John Jay College of Criminal Justice, New York), The Birth of the Italian Prison in International Perspective

Coffee Break

Marcos Bretas (Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro), Prison models in Independent Brazil

Ludovic Maugué (Université de Genève), La maison centrale d’Embrun (1800-1815) : la naissance d’un modèle carcéral français ?

Francesco Saggiorato (Università di Roma “Tor Vergata” – Université Paris 1), Prisons, détentions « provisoires » et mesures de haute police dans la Toscane napoléonienne

Discussion

Lunch


3.00 p.m.

3rd Session
Rome, Ecclesiastical Institutions and the Catholic Model

Chair: Tommaso Caliò (Università di Roma “Tor Vergata”)

Maria Romana Caforio (Archivio di Stato di Chieti), Lo Stato Pontificio nel quadro delle riforme carcerarie europee: protagonisti, visitatori, reciproche influenze (1816-1857)

Alessandro Serra (Università di Perugia), Congregazioni religiose e gestione delle carceri: il caso di S. Balbina (Roma, 1854-1878)

Alessio Collacchi (Università di Roma “Tor Vergata”), “Il diavolo alle Tre Fontane” e la “santa opera”. Colonizzazione penale agricola nella Roma postunitaria (1880-1895)

Coffee Break

Francesca Di Pasquale (Soprintendenza archivistica per la Sicilia – Archivio di Stato di Palermo), Devianza minorile e opere pie. La colonia agricola di S. Martino delle Scale (Palermo) nella seconda metà dell’Ottocento

Discussion


27th September
Biblioteca delle Arti
Via San Michele n. 22

9.30 a.m.

4th Session
Round Table: New Perspectives on the History of Confinement

Chair: Livio Antonielli (Università di Milano)

Vincent Milliot (Université Paris 8), Une nouvelle histoire de la prison et de l’enfermement ? Présentation du projet et réseau de recherche “Enfermements modernes / Early Modern Confinement”

Marco Cicchini (Université de Genève), Interner le fou criminel, entre prison et hôpital (Genève et Vaud, 1760-1815)

Catherine Cox (Dublin University), Tending to unsettle the Belief of a Catholic Prisoner’: Chaplains, Prison Regimes, and Mental Disorder in Mid Nineteenth-Century Ireland

Coffee Break

Chiara Lucrezio Monticelli (Università di Roma “Tor Vergata”), The Roman and Catholic Models of Prison Treatment in a Historical Perspective

Piero Vereni (Università di Roma “Tor Vergata”), Prison and Social Sciences: Introduction to the Final Discussion

General discussion

12.30 a.m.

Guided tour of the historical prisons for minors and women in S. Michele a Ripa


The conference is organised in the frame of the “Mission Sustainability” research project The International Debate on the Prisoners Treatment.
The “Roman Model” in a Historical Perspective
, supported by University of Rome “Tor Vergata”.

Scientific committee:
Livio Antonielli (Università di Milano), Luigi
Cajani (Sapienza Università di Roma), Tommaso
Caliò (Università di Roma “Tor Vergata”), Marco
Cicchini (Université de Genève), Christian De
Vito (University of Bonn), Francesca Di Pasquale
(Soprintendenza archivistica per la Sicilia-Archivio
di Stato di Palermo), Michele Di Sivo (Archivio di
Stato di Roma), Marina Formica (Università di Roma
“Tor Vergata”), Mary Gibson (John Jay College, New
York), Raffaele Laudani (Università di Bologna),
Chiara Lucrezio Monticelli (Università di Roma
“Tor Vergata”), Vincent Milliot (Université Paris 8),
Michel Porret (Université de Genève), Alessandro
Serra (Università di Perugia)

Organising Committee:
Tommaso Caliò, Marco Cicchini, Chiara Lucrezio
Monticelli, Alessandro Serra

Organising Secretariat:
Alessio Collacchi (alessio.collacchi@libero.it)
Francesco Saggiorato (francescosaggiorato@gmail.com)

The Limits of Confinement: working paper

The research project

The conference represents the concluding step of a research project supported by the University of Rome “Tor Vergata” entitled The international debate on the treatment of prisoners. The “roman model” in a historical perspective.

The project focused on the “roman/catholic model” in the context of theories and practices of the treatment of prisoners, with particular attention on 19th century reforms. During the 18th century, the Ancien Régime catholic forms of detention underwent a major innovation process that culminated in the establishment of cellular confinement for children and women in the ‘San Michele a Ripa’ prison in Rome. As a result of the discussion raised even in the ecclesiastical milieu by Cesare Beccaria’s work (censored in 1766), further models of imprisonment were tested during French presence in Rome (namely the 1798-99 Roman Republic and the annexation to the Napoleonic Empire in 1809-1814).

This complex legacy was at the core of the debate on prison reform in mid-19th century both in the Papal States and at the international level. The role played in this debate by the American models of prison (Philadelphia’s ‘solitary confinement’ and Auburn’s ‘silent system’) has been studied extensively. By contrast, the papal system of detention as a model – combining work and religious practice in the treatment and rehabilitation of prisoners (ora et labora) – has been poorly investigated by scholars, in spite of its relevance in the opinion of the observers of that time.

The features of the roman penitentiary system were noted by key figures of the reform movement in the Papal States (Morichini, 1835; Moroni, 1840-1873) and by foreign experts (Cerfbeer, 1839; Petitti di Roreto, 1837-1840-1843), either from similar or opposite perspectives.

The aspects related to the treatment of prisoners and the role of religion in rehabilitation were perceived as the most noteworthy features of the roman model. Those key aspects of rehabilitation were by contrast strongly criticised by an isolationist and anti-productivist view of punishment that was put forward by some liberal intellectuals (Tocqueville 1833; Cattaneo, 1840).


Aims of the Conference

In this interpretative framework, the conference aims to put forward the conceptual tool of ‘limit’ as useful notion in order to analyze urban spaces and forms of treatment in roman institutions of confinement, with regard to a more general comparative perspective of the ‘triumph’ of 19th-century prison.

The typical catholic combination between the hybridization of penal and non-penal confinement and the roman displacement of the prisons from the centre to the periphery can be considered a key aspect of the development of 19th century prison in Rome and abroad. Hence, the case-study of Papal States can significantly contribute to investigate the establishment of prison as the pivot of Western penal systems and its implications in the urban renewal of bourgeois cities by combining the field of studies on penal prison with an urban history approach. Even in a global historical perspective, the Christian vision of confinement and rehabilitation may provide suggestions for further research on the relationship between religions and non-Western origins of prison.

During the conference, selected professors, research groups and PhD students are asked to better conceptualize what the “catholic model” was and the role it played in the context of prison reforms that, starting with 19th century debates, represented one major challenge to modern societies. In particular, scholars are invited to discuss the key words of ‘limit’ and ‘border’ as a way to put in question too static paradigms of how total institutions work, in light of recent conceptual and historical debates.


Conference programme

An introducing session (held in Rebibbia prison and involving students detainees) will be devoted to cultural representations of roman prisons in a historical perspective, from the 19th century until recent attempts to represent life in prison (especially in Rebibbia prison) undertaken by literature, photography, music and fiction. By focusing on the characteristics of the storytelling about confinement as a literary genre, the aim is to evaluate the connections between these narratives and the public debate on prison reform in order to point out topics, clichés and rhetoric that had their origins in the 19th century.

A second session (held in the ancient prison of San Michele a Ripa), entitled New perspectives on the history of confinement, will provide an overview of recent approaches to the history of modern kinds of confinement, with regard to experiences that have some connection with catholic rehabilitation treatment based on work and religious practice (Enfermements project from France and Belgium, “Prisoners, Medical Care and Entitlement to Health” project in Ireland, “The Carceral Archipelago” project from England, are particularly interesting in a comparative perspective with roman-case).

In the third session, entitled The limits of punishment: theories and practices of confinement at the end of the Ancien Régime, the focus will be on the persistence of non-penal forms of confinement during the rise of penal prison as a privileged form of punishment. The cases of hybridization of the different treatments in the confinement institutions (judicial madhouses, depôt de mendicité, penal colonies) will be examined in this perspective by taking into account casestudies from Italian States, Switzerland, French Empire, British Empire.

The final session, entitled Rome as a urban-model and catholic-model of treatment ?, the case-study of 19th-century Rome will be analyzed from the point of view of urban renewal interconnected with the circulation of catholic models of detention. The management of Roman prisons (public or private actors, professional bodies, religious or lay staff, gender distinction) and the impact on living conditions will be taken into account in a comparative perspective with other catholic countries in European and non-European contexts in terms of circulations of models, ideas
and experts (special attention will be devoted to case-studies from Ireland, Spain, Latin America).


PI of the research project:

Chiara Lucrezio Monticelli (Università di Roma “Tor Vergata”)

Organizational committee:

Tommaso Caliò (Università di Roma “Tor Vergata”)

Marco Cicchini (Université de Genève)

Chiara Lucrezio Monticelli (Università di Roma “Tor Vergata”)

Alessandro Serra (Università di Perugia)

Organising Secretariat:

Alessio Collacchi (Università di Roma “Tor Vergata)

Francesco Saggiorato (Università di Roma “Tor Vergata”-Université Paris 1-IHMC